Homebrew Recipe Calculator, Blog, How To, & Recipes


How To Brew All Grain - Session IPA

So i thought I would take a video of the brewing process I use. This is a session IPA I brewed using a batch sparge all grain method. You can find the recipe at http://brewgr.com/recipe/6266/session-ipa-from-tony-american-ipa-recipe. Due to the double sparge and mash thickness my efficency was much more than I expected. I am usually around 70% but this time I was 91%. I overshot my gravity so I guess this is now more of a pale ale than a session IPA. Anyway, I kegged it last Saturday and it tastes great, so far so good!


Brew Tip - Careful Where You Set Your Carboy

Homebrew Carboys are glass containers that homebrewers use for fermenting beer. Carboys come in a range of sizes, from one gallon to six gallons. Glass carboys do not allow oxygen to pass through. With careful care, carboys will be reusable for many brews.

Be very careful not to set your filled carboy on a surface that is not clean and smooth, like concrete. You don't want to create pressure points that could crack the glass. Always set your carboy on a piece of wood, cardboard, towel, or rug.


Brew Tip - Measure Stick

Need an easy way to know the amount of fluid in your homebrew vessels? Follow these simple instructions on building a homemade measure stick. Find a long wooden dowel that is taller than your vessel. Find a container to accurately measure 1 or ½ gallons, depending on how precise you want your measurements. Pour in one gallon of water and stick the dowel in the center of the vessel. Pull it out and you will easily be able to cut a notch where the water level leaves a mark.

A couple of tips:

  • If the base of your vessel isn’t flat be sure to stick it in the center.
  • If you have multiple vessels that are different shapes, use one side of the dowel for one vessel and the other side for the other.
  • I do not recommend using a wood dowel in your wort after boiling. Wood can be difficult to sanitize.
  • Screw a cup hook into the end of the dowel so you can hang it with your other homebrew equipment.

Brew Tip - Fermentation Temperature Control

Controlling the fermentation temperature of your fermenting wort can have a huge impact on your finished brew. If your wort gets warmer than the ideal temperature range for your yeast you may experience too much fruity esters or harsh fusel alcohols. If your wort gets too cool the yeast may not properly attenuate. I believe this to be one of the most important things you can do to improve your homebrew. Here are a few tips:

Cooling your fermenting homebrew:

  • Place a damp towel or t-shirt over your carboy and the evaporation will cool it
  • Allow a fan or air conditioner to blow on your carboy
  • Place your carboy in cold water or ice
  • If you have a cool basement stick your carboy there
  • Build a cooling chamber that uses ice and a computer fan
  • Store your fermenter in a chest freezer with a temperature control
  • Brew cooler fermenting beers in the winter, i.e. lagers

Warming your fermenting homebrew:

  • Wrap your carboy with towels or blankets
  • Place it near a heating pad or space heater
  • Keep in a warm place, maybe an upstairs closet or attic
  • Use a fermentation wrap or belt with a temperature sensor
  • Brew warmer fermenting beers in the summer, i.e. saisons

Brew Tip - Preheat Wort Chiller

When sticking your immersion wort chiller into your brew pot does it kill your boil? Try preheating your wort chiller by setting it above your brew pot for about five minutes. The steam coming off the boil will warm up the coils. I will also crank the heat all the way up right before I put in the chiller. No more dead boils. Happy brewing!


Brewing with Unmalted Wheat

I received some White Sonoran organic heritage wheat from Hayden Flour Mills the other day. I decided to brew up a wheat beer using this full flavored, nutrient rich, unmalted wheat. I had never brewed with unmalted wheat so I quite a bit of research was in order. I found about 50% of homebrewers will do a protein rest and 50% do a single infusion. Since I like to keep it simple I decided to do a single infusion mash @ 152 degrees. Many brewers also recommended a cereal mash but I decided to just add it to the mash.

My grain was about 56% two row, 37% unmalted wheat, and 4% flaked oats. I used Magnum for the bittering hops, and Centennial for the flavor and aroma hops. For yeast I went with WLP029 Kölsch Yeast. I wanted some fruity esters but not the banana phenols from a hefeweizen. When creating the recipe in Brewgr I set the efficiency at 60% and didn’t really know what to set the PPG at for the unmalted wheat. You can view my recipe here, Unmalted Wheat Recipe.

My first obstacle was grinding the wheat. I tried a blender but it didn’t get it fine enough. I tried to beat it with a rolling pin but that just ripped up the bag.

A coffee grinder seemed to be the best option. Although it did overheat at one point. I had to let it sit for a while and then I did about a cup every 15 minutes.

I was going for a consistency of something like cornmeal. I knew this might cause issues with a stuck mash so I added rice hulls.

Here are the grains that went into this brew. Two-row (before it was ground), Flaked oats, Rice hulls to help prevent a stuck mash, and the unmalted wheat.

I mashed at 152 degrees for 60 minutes.

Collecting first runnings into my brew kettle.

Measuring ingredients for boil; hops, irish moss, and a yeast nutrient.

This is my recirculating wort chiller I made from an old pond pump. This was a warm day so I went through quite a bit of ice. I fill one load in the washing machine and then start circulating. I use the left over water in teh cooler for clean up.

I collected about 6 gallons since I wasn’t going to keg this brew. The original gravity was 1.048. I fermented this unmalted wheat beer at 66 degrees for 20 days.

The brew finished very clear and around a 1.013 final gravity.

Primed and bottled. I am taking this to a wedding so I decided to bottle instead of keg. It tasted great without the carbonation so I am eager to taste it with some bubbles. The wheat flavor was amazing and I am sure the Hayden Flour Mill wheat made a big difference.

If you try brewing with unmalted wheat make sure you are careful you don’t get a stuck mash, expect lower than normal efficiencies, and find some real wheat like the stuff from Hayden Flour Mills. Other than that, the process wasn't much different than other beers I have brewed. If you brew an unmalted wheat beer be sure to share your recipe on Brewgr.com. Start crafting great beer!

Thanks to Hayden Flour Mills for the amazing wheat and thanks to my little helper.


How To: Modify a Turkey Fryer Burner To Support a Keggle


Homebrewing equipment can be expensive, and if you're anything like me, you quickly realize the limitations of your homebrewing equipment and find the need to upgrade.  Part of the fun of homebrewing, outside of making delicious homebrew, is using your creativity to handcraft thrifty solutions to homebrew challenges.  We've already shown you how to create a Keggle out of a keg but what if you've upgraded from a Turkey Fryer to a Keggle but haven't yet upgraded your burner to a tiered system?

I started homebrewing using a 4 gallon canning pot on the stove.  Aside from my wife complaining about the smell, I wanted to start full boils so I picked up a 7 gallon Turkey Fryer on sale at Home Depot for $30.  This setup worked well for a few brews but I did get boil overs with nearly every batch because 6.5 gallons of water in a 7 gallon turkey fryer only leaves about an inch of empty space at the top of the pot.  


I've recently upgraded to a Keggle but I'm not ready to invest in a tiered gravity system yet, so I planned on using the burner that came with my turkey fryer.  Unfortunately, the bottom of the keggle is rounded (unlike the turkey fryer) and the keg's outer rim is larger than the diameter of the turkey fryer which makes for a very uneven surface. When I placed the keggle on the burner its rounded center rested on the burner's center support and the keggle easily swung around in a circular fashion.  To solve this issue, I welded a support structure on top of the burner, allowing the weight of the keggle to be evenly distributed and eliminate the rocking altogether.

It was my first ever welding project and I knew I would eventually be upgrading so I wasn't too concerned about making it look pretty, which is quite obvious when looking at the pictures.  

What's most important is that the added support can handle the weight of the filled keggle and remain steady to prevent boiling hot wort from dumping on you and ruining your brew day.


Required Tools and Equipment

  • Keggle
  • Burner from a Turkey Fryer
  • 4 Feet of Weldable Steel (I used 1.5" Wide X .25" Thick to support the weight.  I paid about $15)
  • Something to Cut Steel with (i.e. grinder or cutting torch)
  • Welder and welding supplies


  • Cut the weldable steel into 4 pieces.  (I used 2 X 15" pieces and 2 X 9" pieces).
  • Weld the four pieces into a rectangle. 
  • Place the turkey fryer burner upside down on top of the welded rectangle.
  • Position the burner, centered in the rectangle so at least two opposite sides of the rectangle are touching the frame of the burner.
  • Weld the new rectangle to the burner.
  • Let it cool off before touching or moving it (it gets really hot)
That's it!
If you are not an experienced welder, make sure you have someone experienced to help you so that you don't get hurt or burn down your garage.

Overall, I'm happy with the upgrade which only cost me $15 for the steel and some time to put it all together.  It was also a fun lesson in welding which was way easier than I had expected.  Now that I've welded a bit of steel I can start thinking about designing and building my own tiered gravity system (future post).

Happy Brewing!


Convert a Keg to a Keggle/Brew Pot

Building a keggle (brew kettle) from an old keg is a great way to get an inexpensive large stainless steel brew pot for your homebrew. Manufactured brewing kettles can be very expensive, they offer a variety of features but what if you just want to brew larger batches of beer without spending lots of money, the converted keg could be your answer. Make sure that you get your keg from a reputable source. I know there are many legal concerns with obtaining old kegs so make sure you find out what is legal. Also make sure that you know what you are doing, the keg can be under pressure and you could get seriously injured. We do not recommend doing this without expert help.

To convert my keg to a stainless steel brew pot I first had to cut off the top. I created a jig for my angle grinder to cut the top off the keg. I used a short 2x4 bolted to an angled piece of steel. A door handle drill bit, 2” I think, bolted to the 2x4 worked perfect to fit in the top of the keg. The handle of the angle grinder unscrewed and I was able to use it like a bolt to the angled steel.

After I cut the top off the keg, I used a Dremil and sandpaper to clean up the rough edges on the opening of the keggle. You don’t want to cut yourself on those rough cuts when cleaning out the keg.

I used a step drill bit to drill the holes for the weldless valve and sight glass. I picked up the wedless valve from my local home brew shop and the weldless sight glass/thermometer came from http://www.brewhardware.com/.

I built the keggle pickup tube from copper pipe purchased at my home improvement store. The pickup works okay. I try to whirlpool my wort in the brew pot, let it sit for 10 minutes, and then drain. I still seem to pick up quite a bit of hops. I might need to come up with another design or add some type of filter. If you have any suggestions please let me know.

I have brewed about 6 batches of homebrew in my converted keg and I absolutely love it. No more fear of boil-overs when doing 5 gallon batches. I have yet to do a 10 gallon batch but if I am ever so inclined I am ready. Not sure if I could mash for 10 gallons in my 10 gallon water cooler, it would have to be a small beer.


Convert Fridge into a Kegerator

I finally decided to pull the trigger and invest in a kegerator system for my home brew. I went with a door mounted Kegco Standard Homebrew Kegerator Conversion Kit from the Beverage Factory. I already had an old fridge in the garage, so I just needed the equipment found in the kegerator kit. If you purchase a kit it should contain installation instructions, these are just a few photos of how I did it, not a detailed installation guide.

I first marked where I want the kegerator taps. I decided to mark out 4 taps even though I was only installing 2, I can always add the others later. I drilled a hole on the inside of the fridge, only through the first layer of plastic, not through the insulation.

I then drilled a larger diameter hole from the outside of the fridge, through the metal exterior, through the foam insulation, and then stopped at the interior plastic shell.

Here is a cross section illustration of what the hole in the door would look like.

I then inserted a piece of PVC pipe into the two holes for the taps. This just helps make it a little stronger, you can tighten down the taps and not worry about crushing the soft fridge door. This definitely isn’t necessary but i had some PVC lying around that was the right size so I added it.

I then inserted the taps through the holes and hooked up all the hoses.

I am not sure if the bottom shelf is able to hold 10 gallons of beer, 2 corney kegs, and a full CO2 tank. It seems okay but I will probably install some kind of reinforcement.

That’s it, ready to fill, chill, carb, and drink a home brew. I have tried three beers so far in the corney kegs and absolutely love it. It makes bottling day go much faster. I also like having control over the CO2. Let me know if you have any questions or suggestions.


Do It Yourself Immersion Wort Chiller

Chill out man!

Immersion Wort Chiller

I had a ¼”” outside diameter 15’ wort chiller that I would use for my partial boils. This wort chiller combined with a sink ice bath would usually get me to yeast pitching temp in a feasible time. Now that I have switched to all grain I am boiling at least 5 gallons of water. This can take a significant amount of time to chill down to yeast pitching temperature. I also use a keggle, so immersing that in a tub of ice water isn’t really practical.

Old Small Wort Chiller

I decided it was time to build a proper immersion wort chiller. I bought 50’ of ½” copper tubing. I was going to solder on connections but I decided to just fit hose over the ends with hose clamps, it was much cheaper.

Immersion Wort Chiller Hose Clamps

I tried to use hose benders, those spring looking things, but they didn’t seem to work on the sharp bends. Oh well, I could always cut those off and reform the copper.

Immersion Wort Chiller Copper Crimp

I made sure the output hose on my work chiller was long enough to reach the washing machine. I drain the hot water from the wort chiller into the washing machine and then run a load of laundry.

The input on the wort chiller hooks up to a garden hose so it didn’t really matter how long this was.

Input for Immersion Wort Chiller

I didn’t have a corney keg to wrap the copper around so I use a large pot strainer. It was a good diameter but it is a little too skinny for my 15 gallon keggle. The top 4 coils are out of the wort.

Immersion Wort Chiller

If you have any tips or comments on how to build or use an immersion wort chiller, please leave a comment.